2018-12-26

金堂家鄉、玄關自性與歸鄉之道:齋教金堂派的教名、教旨及修持方法考探


蕭進銘。〈金堂家鄉、玄關自性與歸鄉之道:齋教金堂派的教名、教旨及修持方法考探〉。《民俗曲藝》202 (2018.12): 1-58
Hsiao Chin-ming. "Golden Hometown, Xuanguan Essence and the Way of Returning to the Original Source: An Exploration of the Name, Teachings and Practice Methods of the Jintang Sect of Zhaijiao." Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 202 (2018.12): 1-58.


Abstract

在齋教三派當中,目前有關金堂派的研究最為稀少,需要釐清和解決的問題極多。但富含道教、禪學和內丹理法的金堂派,除是內丹教法傳入臺灣的重要開端外,其豐富、獨特、深刻的內丹思想,也曾影響龍華、先天二派,故對於了解此二派,以及內丹在明清民間社會的流傳和具體發展演變情形,皆甚為重要。
本篇論文,採用文獻分析、田野調查和深度訪談等方法,針對金堂教之教名爭議和其主要教法的內涵,以及教法與內丹的關係,進行詳細討論。根據本文的探究,「金堂」一名應當才是該教之早期、普遍及與其教義理法最為相應的名稱;今日所已習用之「金幢」名稱的出現和被廣泛使用,應是受到日治時期官方之調查報告及當時之政治情勢影響下的結果,故是否要再延續此名稱,實有重新考量的空間。在修持方法上,金堂教深受禪宗及道教、內丹理法的影響,並有其獨特新創之處;其中尤以內丹的影響最深,故可稱為「金丹為主,佛道兼修」的教派。本篇論文的研究,應有助於金堂派教名爭議的解決,以及金堂派核心教義和內丹修持法的被認識。
Among the three sects of Zhaijiao, Jintang sect has received the least scholarly attention but has had the most unresolved problems. However, the Jintang sect, rich in Taoism, Zen, and Inner Alchemy connotations, was not only the important beginning of the introduction of Inner Alchemy into Taiwan, but influenced the other two sects, Longhua and Xiantian. Jintang sect is very important for an understanding of these two other sects and the spread and development of Inner Alchemy in the popular society of the Ming and Qing dynasties.
This article uses document analysis, field surveys, and in-depth interviews to discuss in detail the controversy of the name of Jintang sect and the relationship between Jintang sect and Taoist Inner Alchemy. According to the investigation of this article, “Jintang” is the original, traditional, and most appropriate name of Jintang sect. The emergence and widespread use of the name “Jinchuang,” which has been used till today, is actually due to the official intervention of the Japanese colonial government. It is necessary to re-consider the need to continue this name. In terms of practice, Jintang sect is deeply influenced by Zen Buddhism and Taoism, and Inner Alchemy. It also has its unique and new creations. Among them, Inner Alchemy has the deepest influence. Therefore, Jintang sect is a sect which practices Buddhism and Taoism teachings, and especially Inner Alchemy. This paper aims to contribute to the settlement of the Jintang sect’s controversy, as well as the understanding of the Jintang sect’s core teachings and the Inner Alchemy practice.

Also in Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore:

蕭進銘。〈淡水靈寶道壇的功德儀式:以混玄壇為核心的探討〉。《民俗曲藝》173 (2011.9): 233-77
Hsiao Chin-ming. “The Gongde Rituals of Tamsui’s Lingbao Daoist Altars: A Case Study of the Hunxuan Altar.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 173 (2011.9): 233-77.