王安祈。〈藝術•商業•政治•紀錄―論「戲曲電影」及其對黃梅調電影的影響〉。《民俗曲藝》190 (2015.12): 1-66。
Wang An-chi. "Art, Commerce, Politics, and Documentation: On the Xiqu Opera Movies and Its Influences on the Huangmeidiao Opera Movies." Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 190 (2015.12): 1-66.
There are two topics in this essay; the first is a discussion of xiqu movies and its influence on Huangmeidiao movies. The second one is a two-way observation, on the influence of xiqu movies on the Huangmeidiao movies, and reversely on Huangmeidiao movies’ influence on the xiqu circle of Taiwan. Before 1949, the xiqu movies were mainly of Peking Opera. Because of the popularity of Peking Opera at that time, the movie producers obviously had commercial interests in mind. After 1949, many more opera genres flourished. The purpose for producing xiqu movies to be released overseas was a political one, i.e., winning support for the Chinese Communist regime. The huge success of Yue Opera Liangzhu (Butterfly Lovers) and Huangmeidiao Opera Tianxianpei (Heavenly Match) in Hong Kong not only generated lucrative revenue, but also inspired Hong Kong directors to develop a genre that came to be known as Huangmeidiao movies. This new genre was very popular in Taiwan and Southeast Asian countries, bringing in high profits for the Shaw Brothers Pictures Limited.
In the second part of this essay, I describe the influences of Huangmeidiao movies on the traditional xiqu (Yue Opera,
Goa-a Opera, and Peking Opera). My discussion centers on the fluidity
and transmission of popular culture, from which I differentiate the relation
between popular culture and traditional arts. In the final section, I discuss
two Peking Opera movies Roselle
and Liang Hongyu produced in during
the 1950s to 1960s. Taiwan
My thesis is based on books and newspapers, field research, collecting and viewing considerable number of films. Through examining the development of xiqu movies, their mutual influences, as well as presenting data and conducting case studies, I demonstrate xiqu movies’ significances in multiple dimensions, including arts, commerce, politics, and its role in archiving.
Also in Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore:
王安祈。〈創作與評獎：以「國家舞臺藝術精品工程」三部入選劇作為例〉。《民俗曲藝》164 (2009.6): 191-227。
Wang An-chi. “Creative Writing and Awards-Granting: Case Studies of the Three Plays Elected in the 'National Project of Excellent Stage Art.'” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 164 (2009.6): 191-227.