王美青。〈文化遺產的脈絡、記憶與詮釋：以萬山岩雕為例〉。《民俗曲藝》186 (2014.12): 11-57。
Wang Mei-ching. “The Context, Memory, and Interpretation of Cultural Heritage: A Case Study of Wansan Stone Carvings.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 186 (2014.12): 11-57.
Anthropologists place much emphasis on an interwoven relationship between memories and cultural contexts. Although memories exist in everyone’s mind, a society has mechanisms to bolster an individual’s collective memory, and to consolidate the group members’ consensus and shape their identities. Memories can be selective; each narrative about the heritage competes against the other. Although memories are conditioned by culture, individuals can negotiate and enforce identities by manipulating memories. Through the practice of narration, the agents can super-scribe new meanings on the experiences, and continue to offer interpretations according to the individuals’ purposes and needs.
This essay will discuss the Wansan people’s intent to conserve their cultural heritages. On the one hand, it is to boost local tourism. On the other hand, the heritage site becomes a venue on which the people construct their cultural identities and re-present traditional culture. This essay plans to explore how the Wansan people employ narratives to give new meanings to the cultural heritage, Wansan Stone Carvings, and how they construct individual and collective memories and representation through constant interpretations.