Village Religion in Huizhou: A Preliminary Assessment

John Lagerwey. “Village Religion in Huizhou: A Preliminary Assessment.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 174 (2011.12): 305-57.
勞格文。〈徽州府的村落宗教:初步的探討〉。《民俗曲藝》174 (2011.12): 305-57


If any late imperial Chinese local society can be thought of as representing the transformation of society in accord with the neo-Confucian principles, Huizhou would be it. It therefore represents a particularly interesting test case of how deeply these principles actually reached into the inner workings of that society: to what extent were other religious forms marginalized? The author relies on fieldwork to try to answer this question. While it would appear that Buddhist and Daoist specialists did frequently have a lower social status than in other parts of China, reliance on their rituals would seem to have been just as widespread as elsewhere, and the society as a whole continued to be structured around local temples, even if magnificent lineage halls came to play a dominant role in village architecture. Also, the place of the shuikou in structuring village space was just as important as in other parts of South China.