簡秀珍。〈奇術縱橫三十年：第一代松旭齋天勝與天勝一座在臺灣的演出〉。《民俗曲藝》199 (2018.3): 5-76。
Jian Hsiu-jen. “Thirty Years of Spectacular Magic: Performances of the First-Generation Shōkyokusai Tenkatsu and Tenkatsu Vaudevillian Magic Troupe in
.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 199 (2018.3): 5-76. Taiwan
Shōkyokusai Tenkatsu (1886–1944) was a female magician whose beauty, nice figure, and expertise had conquered audiences East and West during the first half of the 20th century. She had led Tenkatsu Vaudevillian Magic Troupe (Tenkatsu Ichiza), which she founded, to
14 times, staying approximately a month each time. Though tickets were
extremely expensive, the box office sale went well. With a diachronic
perspective, this study examines documents ranging from newspapers,
periodicals, and diaries to sort out Tenkatsu Troupe’s performance history and
analyze its performing environments and audiences. Taiwan
In addition to retaining part of the traditional Japanese magic, Tenkatsu Troupe also integrated many elements from Western popular culture, such as jazz music and acrobatics, presenting an internationalized program. They also developed several magic dramas, with closely knitted magic sessions.
They gave most of their performances in large or medium theatres, providing opportunities for members of many Japanese townsmen associations, companies and governmental offices to mingle and socialize. While special discount tickets were offered to students, only people with a decent income could afford to attend the show. With the growth of economy, the percentage of Taiwanese audience increased. The frequent visits of Tenkatsu Troupe demonstrate that
Taiwan had become an important stop for their
tour around East Asia. However, as the
political situation in East Asia worsened, the
first-generation Tenkatsu announced her retirement in 1934, giving her baton to
the second-generation Tenkatsu. Eventually, Shōkyokusai Tenkatsu totally
disappeared from the stage.
Also in Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore:
簡秀珍。〈從「傳仔戲」論臺灣亂彈戲裡的活戲演出〉。《民俗曲藝》181 (2013.9): 49-96。
Jian Hsiu-jen. “A Study on the Improvisational Performance in Taiwanese Luantan (Beiguan) Theater of 'Tuān-á-hì.'” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 181 (2013.9): 49-96.