林芳誠。〈法制化體系的保障或切割？以都蘭阿美人的歌舞實踐為例談無形文化遺產法制化體系與原住民族文化主體性的展現〉。《民俗曲藝》196 (2017.6): 15-83。
Lin Fang-chen. “Protection or Excision? Legal System of Intangible Cultural Heritage and the Representation of Indigenous Cultural Identity, a Case Study on the Songs and Dances of ‘Atolan Amis.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 196 (2017.6): 15-83.
The discussion of this study is based on the concept of “traditional arts” in the Cultural Heritage Preservation Act (
and the Convention for the Safeguarding
of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (UNESCO). Using songs and dances of
‘Atolan Amis, I explore the differences between the legalization of cultural
heritage and self-cognition in Taiwanese indigenous communities. Taiwan
The ‘Atolan Amis’ cultural revitalization movement started in 1995. Since then, songs and dances have become the youth’s first encounter with tradition. They also play a prominent role in the age organization. Either when participating in internal community affairs (such as kiloma’an) or challenging the power of the nation (when fighting to regain sovereignty of traditional territory), the songs and dances of ‘Atolan Amis adhere to their community’s conception, revealing a cognition different from that in the Cultural Heritage legalization system. Songs and dances are not only a medium with which the ‘Atolan Amis voices their sentiments, they also demonstrate their own culture essence and subjectivity.
I have witnessed the significance and creativity of ‘Atolan Amis’ songs and dances both within the community and in external social public affairs. After examining them according to the logic of cultural heritage classification and criteria of by-laws in
and UNESCO, I point out the
discrepancy between the legalization system of assigned and registered cultural
heritage and that of actual practices among the indigenous people. The
protection of intangible cultural heritage requires a holistic and multiple