徐雨村。〈「民俗及有關文物」登錄指定與地方實踐：以「雲林六房媽過爐」為例〉。《民俗曲藝》193 (2016.9): 221-65。
Hsu Yu-tsuen. “Recognition, Designation, and Local Practice of 'Folk Custom and Related Cultural Artifacts': An Example of 'Yunlin Liu Fang Ma Guolu.'” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 193 (2016.9): 221-65.
Intangible cultural heritage (ICH) had been a world cultural trend within the recent two decades under the promotion of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). In
folk festivals may be officially recognized and then designated as “Folk Custom
and Related Cultural Artifacts” through the deliberation under the committees
of local and central governments specifically. Once a festival earns such a
title, it is considered as a great honor for its conservation group. The folk
festival is originally locally practiced, now is intertwined with the influence
of nation-states and global institutions.
This article firstly reviews the concept formation and local practice of the ICH, as well as the institution of recognition and designation of “Folk Custom and Related Cultural Artifacts” in
context. Secondly, we will introduce the topic “Yunlin Liu Fang Ma Guolu” (Annual Rotation of Six
Clan-branches’ Heavenly Holy Mother) and its participation in the official
recognition of cultural heritage. Thirdly, we analyze the cognition and
negotiation between the local society and committee members of cultural
heritage through the deliberation criteria of cultural heritage, including
historicity, traditional properties, and local characteristics. Finally we
focus on the empowerment by the government, scholars, and experts for the
conservation group ― the ROC Liu Fang Ma Association ― which
undertakes negotiation and management of the folk customs. Taiwan
The folk custom “Yunlin Liu Fang Ma Guolu” is highly fluid as its worship site change every year. It meets difficulties in the accumulation of historical archives and the changing performance of martial arts troops; therefore, the cultural heritage committee underscores the historicity of deity origin and the traditional properties of martial arts troops. However, in terms of local characteristics, the core characteristics of the folk custom are the involvement and creativity of local communities. That merit further exploration and elaboration.