2018-08-29

香港潮僑盂蘭勝會的「申遺」與潮屬社群的重建


呂永昇。〈香港潮僑盂蘭勝會的「申遺」與潮屬社群的重建〉。《民俗曲藝》201 (2018.9): 65-100
Lui Wing Sing. “The Designation of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Yulan Ghost Festival and the Re-construction of Ethnic Chaozhou Communities in Hong Kong.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 201 (2018.9): 65-100.


Abstract

每年農曆七月的盂蘭勝會,是中國民間重要的節日,香港盂蘭勝會的活動更發揮着宗教、社交與凝聚社群認同等各項功能。除了是救度祈安、慎終追遠的儀式行為外,盂蘭勝會也是不同族群在香港植根發展,進行社會整合,建構不同身分認同的工具。2011年,香港潮人的盂蘭勝會成功申報為國家級非物質文化遺產。香港潮屬社團總會作為保護單位,積極推廣「盂蘭文化節」,這些活動成為團結香港潮人團體、聯繫海外潮人的文化工具,也是建立潮人文化身分的方法。本文嘗試從潮僑盂蘭勝會的成立、發展與申遺的過程,探討地方社會為何要構築非物質文化遺產的傳統,以及在推廣盂蘭節時,盂蘭儀式如何揉入原鄉和在地的元素,重新詮釋族群的「傳統」,並植入跨族群的普世標準。
The Yulan Ghost Festival, held in the seventh month of lunar calendar, is one of the most important folk festivals in China. In Hong Kong, the festival embodies functions of religion, social networking and reinforcement of ethnic identity. Besides rituals of spiritual redemption, praying for peacefulness, and ancestral worship, the festival is also an important venue for ethnic groups to integrate and at the same time establish their own social identity. In 2011, the Yulan Ghost Festival of Ethnic Chaozhou in Hong Kong was registered on the list of the Third National Intangible Cultural Heritage. The Federation of Hong Kong Chiu Chow (Chaozhou) Community Organizations, being the designated conservation organization, has been actively promoting the Yulan Cultural Festival in order to enhance ethnic identity and solidarity of local and overseas Chaozhou Chinese. This paper attempts to explore how Chaozhou Yulan Ghost Festival successfully made it on the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage; how the local society integrated homeland tradition with elements from the overseas environments; and how cross-ethnic values were implanted within this re-interpretation of ethnic “tradition.”

Also in Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore:

呂永昇、李新吾。〈神明,祖先,儀式專家:明以降梅山「家主」與「地主」信仰〉。《民俗曲藝》187 (2015.3): 45-104
Lui Wing Sing and Li Xinwu. “Deity, Ancestor, and Ritual Specialist: Cults to the Lord of the House and the Lord of the Land in the Meishan Area from the Ming Dynasty.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 187 (2015.3): 45-104.
http://ritualtheatreandfolkloreat.blogspot.tw/2015/05/blog-post.html

呂永昇。〈湘中「梅山派」的道法淵源及其演變:以新化縣為例〉。《民俗曲藝》184 (2014.6): 105-53
Lui Wing Sing. “The Interrelation between Dao-Fa and the Meishan Daoism in the Central Hunan: A Case Study of Xinhua County.” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 184 (2014.6): 105-53.
http://ritualtheatreandfolkloreat.blogspot.tw/2014/08/blog-post_22.html