Li Shyh-wei. “Promoting Confucianism in Remote Places: Confucian Associations and Their Activities in Early Postwar
(1945–1970).” Journal of Chinese Ritual, Theatre and Folklore 172 (2011.6): 205-30. Taiwan
’s return to Chinese rule after the Second World War, Confucianism came to be seen as a key facet of orthodox Chinese culture, which enhanced its legality and legitimacy. Both Mainlander and Taiwanese elites cooperated in promoting forms of popular Confucianism, including its religious aspects. Together, these elites founded a number of prominent Confucian associations, including the Zhonghua shengdaohui, the Zhongguo kongxuehui (Tongshanshe), the Danshui kongxuehui (founded by the Xingzhong tang in Tamsui, Taipei County [now New Taipei City]), the Juexiu gong (located in Taipei City), and related poetry societies. These associations’ main activities included religious publications, lectures on Confucian doctrine, education, and philanthropy. Taiwan
The phenomenal growth of these associations and their activities resulted not only from the efforts of elites who espoused Confucianism, but also numerous political, social, and intellectual forces that helped shape Taiwan’s early postwar era, particularly the loss of China in 1949 and ideas of national revitalization. These trends in turn prompted Confucian elites to become deeply concerned about the collapse of Chinese culture and moral degeneration, to which they responded by proposing remedies in the form of rejuvenating national culture. As one of the most prominent symbols of traditional Chinese culture, Confucianism not only possessed pure cultural significance, but also helped shape political discourse due to its profound connotations.